A glossary of scientific terms. ... and below the earth's surface. The rigid, top layer of the Earth is called the lithosphere. Hydrogen: Hydrogen (H), a colourless, odourless, tasteless, flammable gaseous substance that is the simplest member of the family of chemical elements. Quick Answer The most abundant element in the Earth's crust is oxygen, which makes up almost half or 46 percent of the mass of the Earth's crust. It is silicon dioxide (SiO 2). Cellulose is the most abundant organic compound on the earth. It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas that burns in air to produce water. Do You Know Which Is The Most Abundant Element In The Earths ... in earth surface but nitrogen is the seventh most ... atoms they form nitrate compound. Hydrogen is the simplest of all chemical elements. Water is the most abundant, most accessible and one of the most studied chemical compounds. Welcome to Surface Chemical. What Is the Most Abundant Organic Compound on Earth? Water is not a luxury of Earth, in fact, it is the most abundant compound in the universe because it is composed of the first and third most abundant elements, hydrogen and oxygen, respectively. Water (H2O) is the most abundant compound *ON* the Earth. All materials, whether solid, liquid or gas, are made of atoms. o Most abundant elements in Earths crust: oxygen ... gaseous layer which extends from surface to the edge ... numerals) and then the complex compound. The Chemical Elements. View Notes - Chapt 24 Notes from EDT 181 at Miami University. Welcome to Surface Chemical Water (H2O) is the most abundant compound on Earths Surface, covering about 70% of the planets surface. The graph at left illustrates the relative atomic-abundance of the chemical elements in Earth's upper continental crust the part that is relatively accessible for measurements and estimation. Water is What is Quartz? Quartz is a chemical compound consisting of one part silicon and two parts oxygen. Environment The Most Abundant Elements In The Earth's Crust Oxygen, silicon, and aluminium are the three most common elements in the Earth's crust. They have a definite chemical composition and structure. The most abundant element in the Earth's crust is oxygen, which makes up almost half or 46 percent of the mass of the Earth's crust. ... (10 Most Abundant Elements in the Earth's Crust) 10 Most Abundant Compounds in the Earth's Crust. Ice Frozen form of the water molecule. ... making this organic compound the most abundant one on the surface of Earths most abundant mineral finally ... such as the Earths surface. There are over 3000 minerals known. Minerals, elements and the Earths crust Introduction Minerals are substances formed naturally in the Earth. Ice has a specific gravity (0.9166) which is slightly less than water. Atoms are the smallest bits of matter. Water (H2O) is the most abundant compound on Earths Surface, covering about 70% of the planets surface. Given the abundance of oxygen and silicon in the crust, it should not be surprising that the most abundant minerals in the earth's crust are the silicates. 4/26/10 Water on the Earth Most abundant chemical compound near Earths surface Covers 70% of surface Given the abundance of oxygen and silicon in the crust, it should not be surprising that the most abundant minerals in the earth's crust are the silicates.